Echium plantagineum

Family Boraginaceae

Species Profile

Species classification Invasive [WoNS shortlist (pre-2012); NSW's Noxious Weeds]
Common namesBlue Echium, Blue Weed, Blueweed, Lady Campbell Weed, Paterson's Curse, Plantain-leaf Viper's Bugloss, Purple Bugloss, Purple Echium, Riverina Bluebell, Salvation Jane
SynonymsEchium creticum L.; Echium italicum L.; Echium lycopsis L.; Echium violaceum L.; Echium vulgare L.
LongevityAnnual, Biennial
Growth formHerb
Seed dispersal morphologyUnassisted
Maximum height (m)2
Capable of vegetative reproductionNo
Native rangeEurope, western Mediterranean
Exotic range (Australia)ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA
Exotic range (other)Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South America
Habitat types (exotic)Agricultural land, Disturbed areas (including trails), Grasslands, Pastures, Roadsides, Wastelands
Soil type (exotic)Most soil types
Decade of introduction1840

National Climate Change Impact

Invasive Class 3

The area of suitable habitat and the habitat suitability of observations, for this species, are projected to decrease or remain the same under RCP 8.5 2065 compared to current climate suitability.

Maps of Habitat Suitability & Recorded Occurrences

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Current suitable habitat

2035 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

2065 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

Recorded occurrences

Recorded occurrences


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