Leucaena leucocephala

Family Fabaceae

Species Profile

Species classification Invasive [World's Worst Invasive Alien Species]
Common namesCoffee Bush, Cow Tamarind, Horse Tamarind, Jumbie Bean, Leucaena
SynonymsAcacia glauca Willd.; Acacia leucocephala (Lam.) Link; Leucaena glauca (Willd.) Benth.; Mimosa glauca L.; Mimosa leucocephala Lam.
Growth formTree
Seed dispersal morphologyHydrochorous (buoyant seed)
Maximum height (m)10
Capable of vegetative reproductionNo
Native rangeCentral America, North America
Exotic range (Australia)NSW, NT, QLD, WA, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling ) Islands
Exotic range (other)Africa, Asia, Central America, North America, South America, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Ocean Islands, West Indes
Habitat types (exotic)Agricultural land, Coastal vegetation/sand dunes, Disturbed areas (including trails), Forest, Grasslands, Riparian systems, Roadsides, Scrublands/shrublands, Urban areas, gardens and parks, Wastelands, Woodlands,
Soil type (exotic)Alkaline, Infertile - low fertility
Decade of introduction1840

National Climate Change Impact

Invasive Class 3

The area of suitable habitat and the habitat suitability of observations, for this species, are projected to decrease or remain the same under RCP 8.5 2065 compared to current climate suitability.

Maps of Habitat Suitability & Recorded Occurrences

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Current suitable habitat

2035 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

2065 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

Recorded occurrences

Recorded occurrences


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