Solanum elaeagnifolium

Family Solanaceae

Species Profile

Species classification Invasive [Weeds of National Significance; NSW's Noxious Weeds]
Common namesBull-nettle, Prairie-berry, Satansbos, Silver Nightshade, Silver-leaf Bitter-apple, Silver-leaf Nightshade, Silver-leaved Nightshade, Silverleaf-nettle, Tomato Weed, Trompillo, White Horse Nettle, White Nightshade
SynonymsSolanum dealbatum Lindl.; Solanum elaeagnifolium f. benkei Standl.; Solanum elaeagnifolium var. albiflorum Cockerell; Solanum elaeagnifolium var. angustifolium Kuntze; Solanum elaeagnifolium var. argyrocroton Griseb.; Solanum elaeagnifolium var. grandiflorum Griseb.; Solanum elaeagnifolium var. leprosum (Ortega) Dunal; Solanum elaeagnifolium var. obtusifolium (Dunal) Dunal; Solanum elaeagnifolium var. ovalifolium Kuntze; Solanum flavidum Torr.; Solanum leprosum Ortega; Solanum obtusifolium Dunal; Solanum roemerianum Scheele; Solanum saponaceum Hook.; Solanum texense Engelm. & A.Gray
Growth formHerb
Seed dispersal morphologyFleshy fruit/Edible/Aril
Maximum height (m)1
Capable of vegetative reproductionYes
Native rangeNorth America
Exotic range (Australia)NSW, NT, QLD, VIC, SA, WA
Exotic range (other)Africa, Asia, Europe, Mediterranean
Habitat types (exotic)Agricultural land, Disturbed areas (including trails), Pastures, Wastelands
Soil type (exotic)Most soil types
Decade of introduction1900

National Climate Change Impact

Invasive Class 3

The area of suitable habitat and the habitat suitability of observations, for this species, are projected to decrease or remain the same under RCP 8.5 2065 compared to current climate suitability.

Maps of Habitat Suitability & Recorded Occurrences

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Current suitable habitat

2035 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

2065 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

Recorded occurrences

Recorded occurrences


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