Eichhornia crassipes

Family Pontederiaceae

Species Profile

Species classification Invasive [Weeds of National Significance; NSW's Noxious Weeds; World's Worst Invasive Alien Species]
Common namesLilac-devil, Nile Lily, Water Hyacinth, Water Orchid
SynonymsEichhornia cordifolia Gand. [Illegitimate]; Eichhornia crassicaulis Schltdl.; Eichhornia crassicaulis Schltr.; Eichhornia speciosa Kunth; Heteranthera formosa Miq.; Piaropus crassipes (Mart.) Raf.; Piaropus mesomelas Raf.; Pontederia azurea Sw.; Pontederia crassicaulis Schltdl. [Spelling variant]; Pontederia crassicaulis Schltr.; Pontederia crassipes Mart.; Pontederia crassipes Roem. & Schult.; Pontederia elongata Balf.
Growth formHerb, Aquatic
Seed dispersal morphologyInformation unavailable
Maximum height (m)1
Capable of vegetative reproductionYes
Native rangeSouth America
Exotic range (Australia)WA, NT, SA, QLD, Norfolk Island, NSW, VIC, Christmas Island
Exotic range (other)Pacific Ocean Islands, Asia, North America, Indian Ocean Islands, Africa
Habitat types (exotic)Water bodies, Wetlands
Soil type (exotic)Aquatic; Saturated soil
Decade of introduction1890

Rating [?]

Climate scenario Australia ACT NSW NT QLD SA TAS VIC WA
Current climate 3023428302683240
RCP 8.5 2050 30234343420122432
RCP 8.5 2070 3003238261882630

Maps of Habitat Suitability & Recorded Occurrences

Click thumbnail to enlarge and scroll through maps

Current suitable habitat

2050 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

2070 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

Recorded occurrences

Recorded occurrences


Click thumbnail to enlarge and scroll through images

Further Information